Main Line to the South Part 1- Basingstoke to St Cross
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The London and Southampton Railway opened in 1840 and was the first major railway in the south of England. Joseph Locke and Thomas Brassey completed the last part of the line from Basingstoke to Winchester through the chalk downs to the summit at Litchfield Tunnel. The easy grades of the line were achieved by involving some heavy civil engineering work, high embankments, deep cuttings and numerous tunnels. Traffic grew steadily, particularly goods, to and from the expanding Southampton Docks and boat trains ran in connection with the ocean liner traffic. Southampton developed into the principal port for military traffic to the Empire and the line played a major role in the supply of men and materials for the Boer, First and Second World Wars. The line was the last steam worked main line in England until its electrification in July 1967. Today the line between Basingstoke and Southampton carries heavy passenger traffic and some of the nation's heaviest freight traffic with containers from Southampton Docks.
|Author||Nicholas J/ Reeve G|
|Publication Date||31 Jul 2020|